Elements of Proof for Sanctionable Offenses

Click on the links below to see the definitions of sanctionable offenses under International Financial Institutions (IFI) Guidelines, as well as an analysis of their elements of proof.  Also see a discussion of the basics of evidence that every investigator should know before trying to prove the elements of sanctionable offenses.


Corrupt practices 

Fraudulent practices

Collusive practices

Coercive practices

Obstructive practices